Evaluation of Plakophilin-3 mRNA as a biomarker for detection of circulating tumor cells in gastrointestinal cancer patients
Use this link to citehttp://hdl.handle.net/2183/14705
MetadataShow full item record
TitleEvaluation of Plakophilin-3 mRNA as a biomarker for detection of circulating tumor cells in gastrointestinal cancer patients
Valladares-Ayerbes M, Díaz-Prado S, Reboredo M. Evaluation of Plakophilin-3 mRNA as a biomarker for detection of circulating tumor cells in gastrointestinal cancer patients. Can Epidemiol Biomakers Prev. 2010:19(6):1432-1440
[Abstract] Background: This study aims to assess Plakophilin-3 (PKP3) as a surrogate biomarker of circulating tumor cells in patients with gastrointestinal cancer. Methods: The primary aim is to estimate the diagnostic accuracy of PKP3 real-time reverse transcriptase-PCR in blood. Receiver operating characteristic curves were constructed. Correlations between the blood PKP3 levels and the clinicopathologic features of the study subjects were analyzed. Logistic regression was used to predict outcomes based on PKP3. Results: Sixty-four patients with gastrointestinal cancer and 23 controls were included. The mean relative PKP3 mRNA expression was 48.45 in cancer patients and 2.8 in controls (P < 0.0001). Comparing the PKP3 levels in patients and controls, the area under the curve was 0.852 (95% confidence interval, 0.76-0.94; P < 0.0001) in receiver operating characteristic analysis. A higher blood level of PKP3 mRNA was associated with a more advanced stage (P = 0.025), pT3-4 tumors (P = 0.028), metastasis (P = 0.021), and residual (R2) disease (P = 0.037). Higher PKP3 mRNA was associated with the risk of cancer progression and death (odds ratio, 3.875; 95% confidence interval, 1.781-8.430; P = 0.001). Conclusions: Increased PKP3 mRNA was detected in the blood of gastrointestinal cancer patients. Significant correlations were found with advanced stage, pT3-4, metastatic disease, and the residual disease status. PKP3 mRNA in blood was associated with the risk of cancer progression and death.