An efficient MP algorithm for structural shape optimization problems
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TitleAn efficient MP algorithm for structural shape optimization problems
Hernández, S., Brebbia, C. A. (eds.). Computer aided optimun design of structures V
[Abstract] Integral methods -such as the Finite Element Method (FEM) and the Boundary Element Method (BEM)- are frequently used in structural optimization problems to solve systems of partial differential equations. Therefore, one must take into account the large computational requirements of these sophisticated techniques at the time of choosing a suitable Mathematical Programming (MP) algorithm for this kind of problems. Among the currently avaliable MP algorithms, Sequential Linear Programming (SLP) seems to be one of the most adequate to structural optimization. Basically, SLP consist in constructing succesive linear approximations to the original non linear optimization problem within each step. However, the application of SLP may involve important malfunctions. Thus, the solution to the approximated linear problems can fail to exist, or may lead to the highly unfeasible point of the original non linear problem; also, large oscillations often occurs near the optimum, precluding the algorithm to converge. In this paper, we present an improved SLP algorithm with line-search, specially designed for structural optimization problems. In each iteration, an approximated linear problem with aditional side constraints is solved by Linear Programming. The solution to the linear problem defines a search direction. Then, the objetive function and the non linear constraints are quadratically approximated in the search direction, and a line-search in perfomed. The algorithm includes strategies to avoid stalling in the boundary of the feasible region, and to obtain alternate search directions in the case of incompatible linearized constraints. Techniques developed by the authors for efficient high-order shape sensitivity analysis are referenced.
6th International Conference on Computer Aided Optimun Design of Structures, 2001, Bologna