Galerkin, Least-Squares and GLS numerical approaches for advective-diffussive transport problems in engineering
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TitleGalerkin, Least-Squares and GLS numerical approaches for advective-diffussive transport problems in engineering
ECCOMAS 2000: CD-ROM proceedings
[Abstract] In this paper, a study of three FE numerical formulations (Galerkin, Least Squares and Galerkin/Least Squares) applied to the convective-diffuse problem is presented, focusing our attention in high Péclet-number problems. The election of these three approaches is not arbitrary, but based on the relations among them. First, we review the causes of appearance of numerical oscillations when a Galerkin formulation is used. Contrasting with the nature of the Galerkin method, the Least Squares methos has a rigorous foundation on the basis of minimizing the square residual, which ensures best numerical results. However, this improvement in the numerical solution implies an increment of the computational cost, wich normally becomes unaffordable in practice. The last one, know as GLS, is based on a stabilization of the Galerkin Method. GLS can be interpreted as a combination of the last two methods, being one to solve convective problems, because it unifies the advantages of the Galerkin and Least Squares Methods and cancels its disadventages. For each numerical method, a brief review is presented, the continuity and derivability requirements on the trial functions are stablished, and the reasons of its behavior when the method is applied to the convection-diffusion problem with high velocity fields are examined. Furthermore, special attention will be devoted to the consequences of relaxing the variational requirements in the LS and GLS methods. Finally, several 1D and 2D examples are presented.
European Congress on Computational Methods in Applied Sciences and Engineering, Barcelona 11-14 september 2000