Principales aspectos edafológicos de la provincia de Holguín (Cuba). Uso y manejo de los suelos
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TitlePrincipales aspectos edafológicos de la provincia de Holguín (Cuba). Uso y manejo de los suelos
Alternative Title(s)Characteristics principals of soils of Holguín province (Cuba). Use and soils management
Cadernos do Laboratorio Xeolóxico de Laxe, 2002, 27: 103-115 ISSN: 00213-4497
[Abstract] In this paper was performed an compilation of the main characteristic and degradation processes of soils Holguín province (Cuba) in order to stablish a proposal management leading to soil preservation. The main soils in the zone are of four types. According to the cuban classification system the major soils are Fersialitics, Vertisoils, Bruns and Ferritic, which are respectively equivalent to the Luvisols, Vertisols, Cambisols and Ferralsols of the FAO system (1998). About 70% of the agricultural soils of the Holguín province are affected by different erosion degree. About 17% of soils are affected by salinity and are associated mainly to the group of Vertisoils, that in the greater part are dedicated to the sugarcane cultivated and at grassland. Together with the erosion and salinity procceses others limiting factors of the soils are the sodicity, contents of gravels and stones, efective deepth, carbonates content and relief.