Age structure and sex ratio of cave bears in the Zoolithenhöhle, southern Germany
Use this link to citehttp://hdl.handle.net/2183/6523
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TitleAge structure and sex ratio of cave bears in the Zoolithenhöhle, southern Germany
Alternative Title(s)Estructura de edades y proporción de sexos del Oso de las Cavernas de Zoolithenhöhle, Alemania
Cadernos do Laboratorio Xeolóxico de Laxe, 2001, 26: 289-299 ISSN: 00213-4497
[Abstract] This paper reports the results of the study of age and sexual composition of the cave bear (Ursus spelaeus) ‘population’ of the Zoolithenhöhle, a classic cave site in Bavaria, southern Germany. Radiocarbon dating indicates that the assemblage dates to c. 29-24 kaB P. The osteometrical analysis shows that the great majority (ca. 90%) of the bears denning in the site were females. The tooth eruption and wear reveal the presence of a large proportion of young and some mature animals but a marked paucity of very old adults. The reason(s) for this very skewed sex ratio and the almost total absence of senile individuals is unclear.