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dc.contributor.authorLorenzo-López, Laura
dc.contributor.authorMillán-Calenti, José Carlos
dc.contributor.authorLópez-López, Rocío
dc.contributor.authorDiego-Díez, Clara
dc.contributor.authorLaffon, Blanca
dc.contributor.authorPásaro, Eduardo
dc.contributor.authorValdiglesias, Vanessa
dc.contributor.authorMaseda, Ana
dc.date.accessioned2017-03-16T08:34:29Z
dc.date.available2017-03-16T08:34:29Z
dc.date.issued2017-02-13
dc.identifier.citationLorenzo-López L, Millán-Calenti JC, López-López R, et al. Effects of degree of urbanization and lifetime longest-held occupation on cognitive impairment prevalence in an older spanish population. Front Psychol [Internet]. 2017;8:162.es_ES
dc.identifier.issn1664-1078
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/2183/18275
dc.description.abstract[Abstract] Our aim was to estimate the prevalence of cognitive impairment in rural and urban elderly populations and to examine the relationship between lifetime occupation and general cognitive performance. A cross-sectional study was carried out covering a representative sample (n = 749) of adults aged ≥65 years. Two categories were created to define the degree of urbanization using a criterion of geographical contiguity in combination with a minimum population threshold: densely populated (urban) areas and intermediate-thinly populated (rural) areas. Occupational histories were ranked by skill level requirements according to the Spanish National Classification of Occupations. Prevalence estimates of cognitive impairment were measured with the Mini-Mental State Examination. Results show that rural residence was not significantly associated with higher risk of cognitive impairment. A protective effect of cognitive demands at work against age-related cognitive decline was observed. However, this effect was not independent of confounder factors, such as age and education. A low overall prevalence of cognitive impairment was observed (6.5%), compared with previous estimates, possibly due to the sample selection in senior centers. Occupation during active life is not an isolated protective factor against cognitive impairment, and it is closely related to educational level. In future geriatric programs, description of both factors should be taken into consideration in screening older adults at increased risk of cognitive impairment and dementia.es_ES
dc.description.sponsorshipGalicia. Consellería de Cultura, Educación e Ordenación Universitaria; EM 2012/100es_ES
dc.description.sponsorshipRed Gallega de Investigación en Fragilidad; IN607C, 2016/08es_ES
dc.language.isoenges_ES
dc.publisherFrontierses_ES
dc.relation.urihttps://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2017.00162es_ES
dc.rightsAtribución 3.0 Españaes_ES
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/es/*
dc.subjectUrbanizationes_ES
dc.subjectRuralityes_ES
dc.subjectOccupationes_ES
dc.subjectCognitiones_ES
dc.subjectElderlyes_ES
dc.titleEffects of degree of urbanization and lifetime longest-held occupation on cognitive impairment prevalence in an older spanish populationes_ES
dc.typeinfo:eu-repo/semantics/articlees_ES
dc.rights.accessinfo:eu-repo/semantics/openAccesses_ES
UDC.journalTitleFrontiers in Psychologyes_ES
UDC.volume8es_ES
UDC.issue162es_ES


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