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dc.contributor.authorLodeiro, Pablo
dc.contributor.authorCordero Pérez, Bruno
dc.contributor.authorGrille Cancela, Zulaika
dc.contributor.authorHerrero, Roberto
dc.contributor.authorSastre de Vicente, Manuel
dc.date.accessioned2005-11-04T19:09:31Z
dc.date.available2005-11-04T19:09:31Z
dc.date.issued2004
dc.identifier.citationBiotechnology and bioengineering,2004, vol. 88, iss. 2, p. 237-247es_ES
dc.identifier.issn1097-0290
dc.identifier.issn1464-3383
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/2183/174
dc.description.abstract[Abstract] In recent years, there has been a significant increase in the studies concerning brown seaweed as biosorbents for metal removal owing to their high binding ability and low cost. This work reports the results of a study regarding the cadmium binding equilibria of dead biomass from the seaweed Sargassum muticum; this alga is a pest fouling organism that competes with the local fucalean species and may also interfere with the “sea industry”; therefore, it would constitute an ideal material to be used as biosorbent. Seven different treatments were tested in order to obtain a stable biomass that could be suitable for industrial use under a broad range of operational conditions. The treatments employed were protonation, chemical crosslinking with formaldehyde, KOH, Ca(OH)2 and CaCl2 or physical treatments with acetone and methanol. The equilibrium adsorption isotherms of Langmuir, Freundlich and Langmuir-Freundlich, were obtained for the quantitative description of the cadmium uptake. The effect of pH on biosorption equilibrium was studied at values ranging from 1 to 6, demonstrating the importance of this parameter for an accurate evaluation of the biosorption process. Maximum biosorption was found for pH higher than 4.5. The 1 maximum biosorption uptake for the raw biomass was 65 mg⋅g-1, while for formaldehyde crosslinking biomass the uptake increases to 99 mg⋅g-1 and for protonated biomass to 95mg⋅g-1. Potentiometric titrations were carried out to estimate the total number of weak acid groups and to obtain their apparent pK value, 3.85, using the Katchalsky model. Kinetic studies varying cadmium concentration, algal dose and ionic strength were carried out. Over 95% of the maximum cadmium uptake was achieved within 45 minutes, so the process can be considered relatively fast. A pseudo-second order model, for the kinetics of cadmium biosorption, showed to be able to reproduce experimental data points with accuracy.es_ES
dc.description.sponsorshipMinisterio de Ciencia y Tecnología; BQU2002-02133
dc.description.sponsorshipXunta de Galicia; PGDIT02TAM10302PR
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdf
dc.language.isoenges_ES
dc.publisherWiley Intersciencees_ES
dc.relation.urihttps://doi.org/10.1002/bit.20229es_ES
dc.rightsPublished in Biotechnology and bioengineering
dc.subjectBiosorptiones_ES
dc.subjectSargassum muticumes_ES
dc.subjectCadmium (II)es_ES
dc.subjectKineticses_ES
dc.subjectEquilibriumes_ES
dc.subjectAcid base propertieses_ES
dc.subjectCrosslinkinges_ES
dc.titlePhysicochemical Studies of Cadmium(II) Biosorption by the Invasive Alga in Europe, Sargassum Muticumes_ES
dc.typeinfo:eu-repo/semantics/articlees_ES
dc.rights.accessinfo:eu-repo/semantics/openAccesses_ES


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