Cadmium removal by living cells of the marine microalgaTetraselmis suecica
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TitleCadmium removal by living cells of the marine microalgaTetraselmis suecica
Pérez-Rama M, Abalde Alonso J, Herrero López C, Torres Vaamonde E. Cadmium removal by living cells of the marine microalgaTetraselmis suecica. Bioresour Technol. 2002;84(3):265-70.
[Abstract]Cadmium removal by living cells of the marine microalga Tetraselmis suecica was tested in cultures exposed to different cadmium concentrations (0.6, 3, 6, 15, 30 and 45 mg/l). The EC50 for growth was 7.9 mg Cd/l after six days of exposure. The cadmium removed was proportional to the concentration of this metal in the medium and it was dependent on the time of exposure; cultures with higher cadmium concentration removed a higher amount of this metal. In cultures exposed to 0.6 mg/l, T. suecica cells removed 98.1% of added cadmium with 0.392x10-6ug Cd/cell, whereas in cultures with 45 mg/l only 7.7% was removed with 16.052x10-6ug Cd/cell. The highest amount of cadmium removed per liter of culture was observed in cultures exposed to 6 mg/l, with 3.577 mg/l of cadmium. After six days of incubation, the higher proportion of cadmium was bioaccumulated intracellularly in all cultures except in 45 mg/l cultures, the percentage of intracellular cadmium being always more than 50%. The highest percentage of bioadsorbed cadmium (60.1%) was found in cells of cultures with the highest cadmium concentration (45 mg/l). Furthermore, a relation between intracellular cadmium and the concentration of sulfhydryl groups was observed.