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dc.contributor.authorFernández-Caramés, Tiago M.
dc.contributor.authorFraga-Lamas, Paula
dc.date.accessioned2019-12-04T15:42:30Z
dc.date.available2019-12-04T15:42:30Z
dc.date.issued2019-10-23
dc.identifier.citationFernández-Caramés, T.M.; Fraga-Lamas, P. Towards Next Generation Teaching, Learning, and Context-Aware Applications for Higher Education: A Review on Blockchain, IoT, Fog and Edge Computing Enabled Smart Campuses and Universities. Appl. Sci. 2019, 9, 4479.es_ES
dc.identifier.issn2076-3417
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/2183/24436
dc.description.abstract[Abstract] Smart campuses and smart universities make use of IT infrastructure that is similar to the one required by smart cities, which take advantage of Internet of Things (IoT) and cloud computing solutions to monitor and actuate on the multiple systems of a university. As a consequence, smart campuses and universities need to provide connectivity to IoT nodes and gateways, and deploy architectures that allow for offering not only a good communications range through the latest wireless and wired technologies, but also reduced energy consumption to maximize IoT node battery life. In addition, such architectures have to consider the use of technologies like blockchain, which are able to deliver accountability, transparency, cyber-security and redundancy to the processes and data managed by a university. This article reviews the state of the start on the application of the latest key technologies for the development of smart campuses and universities. After defining the essential characteristics of a smart campus/university, the latest communications architectures and technologies are detailed and the most relevant smart campus deployments are analyzed. Moreover, the use of blockchain in higher education applications is studied. Therefore, this article provides useful guidelines to the university planners, IoT vendors and developers that will be responsible for creating the next generation of smart campuses and universities.es_ES
dc.description.sponsorshipXunta de Galicia; ED431C 2016-045es_ES
dc.description.sponsorshipXunta de Galicia; ED431G/01es_ES
dc.description.sponsorshipAgencia Estatal de Investigación de España; TEC2016-75067-C4-1-Res_ES
dc.language.isoenges_ES
dc.publisherM D P I AGes_ES
dc.relation.urihttps://doi.org/10.3390/app9214479es_ES
dc.rightsAtribución 3.0 Españaes_ES
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/es/*
dc.subjectIoTes_ES
dc.subjectBlockchaines_ES
dc.subjectSmart campuses_ES
dc.subjectSmart universityes_ES
dc.subjectTeaching and learninges_ES
dc.subjectSmart citieses_ES
dc.subjectFog computinges_ES
dc.subjectEdge computinges_ES
dc.subjectHigher educationes_ES
dc.subjectContext-aware applicationses_ES
dc.titleTowards Next Generation Teaching, Learning, and Context-Aware Applications for Higher Education: A Review on Blockchain, IoT, Fog and Edge Computing Enabled Smart Campuses and Universitieses_ES
dc.typeinfo:eu-repo/semantics/articlees_ES
dc.rights.accessinfo:eu-repo/semantics/openAccesses_ES
UDC.journalTitleApplied Scienceses_ES
UDC.issue9es_ES
UDC.startPage21es_ES
UDC.endPage4479es_ES
dc.identifier.doi10.3390/app9214479


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