Study of a desulfurization process to convert dibenzothiophene to 2-hydroxybiphenyl by Rhodococcus rhodochrous NRRL (B-2149)
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TitleStudy of a desulfurization process to convert dibenzothiophene to 2-hydroxybiphenyl by Rhodococcus rhodochrous NRRL (B-2149)
Biotechniques for Air Pollution Control II, 2007: 185-192. ISBN: 978-84-9749-258-4
[Abstract] Actually, a great effort is being given to research on biodesulfurization processes, i.e., processes in which sulfur can be removed selectively from sulfur-compound moities without altering its British thermal unit. This effort relies on the fact that fossil fuels (coal and oil) contain organic sulfur compounds that are released after combustion to the environment mainly as SO2 that causes acid rain becoming a potential pollutant. In this work we investigate the biodesulfurization of a model molecule that represents the main class of a group of recalcitrant compounds found in petroleum, Dibenzothiophene (DBT), to produce 2-Hydroxybiphenyl (2-HBP), a sulfur-free compound, by Rhodococcus rhodochrous (NRRL B-2149) using the 4S pathway. Experiments in which R. rhodochrous (NRRL B- 2149) was cultived during exponential growth phase using glucose and DBT as carbon and energy and sulfur sources, respectively, showed that the microorganism follows the 4S metabolic pathway in which DBT is converted to 2-HBP and sulfite. It was also showed that R. rhodochrous (NRRL B-2149) has cell-bounding surface active agents that that facilitates the emulsification of the apolar – water immiscible DBT.